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Gabon Transportations


Gabon had no railroads, till about the 1970s. A 936-km railroad construction program, the Trans-Gabon Railway, began in October 1974. In its first stage, completed in 1983, the project linked the port of Owendo with the interior city of Booué (332 km) at a cost of CFA Fr227 billion, plus CFA Fr98 billion for related infrastructure. The second stage, completed in December 1986, links Booué with Franceville (357 km) via Moanda, thus facilitating exports of manganese from the southeast and forestry exploitation in the same region. A proposed third stage would continue the line from Booué to Belinga in the northeast, where there are iron ore deposits. As of 2006, Gabon State Railways totalled 814 km of standard-gauge track.

Main roads connect virtually all major communities, but maintenance work is difficult because of heavy rainfall. In 2004, the road network comprised 9,170 km, of which 937 km were paved. A north-south road runs the length of the country, from Bitam to Ndendé. This main north-south link continues into Cameroon in the north and the Congo in the south. An east-west road connects Libreville and Mékambo. Farther south, another road runs from Mayumba to Lastoursville and Franceville. In 1995 there were about 23,000 automobiles and 10,000 commercial vehicles in use.

The busiest ports are Port-Gentil, the centre for exports of petroleum products and imports of mining equipment, and Owendo, a new port that opened in 1974 on the Ogooué estuary, 10 km north of Libreville. Owendo's capacity, initially 300,000 tons, reached 1.5 million tons in 1979, when the port was enlarged to include timber-handling facilities. The smaller port at Mayumba also handles timber, and a deepwater port is planned for the city. Gabon has 1,600 km of perennially navigable waterways.

Gabon had 53 airports in 2007, 10 of which had paved runways. There are 3 international airports: Libreville (Leon M'Ba), Port-Gentil and Franceville. Air Gabon is the national airline, serving European, West and Central African, and domestic destinations. Numerous other airlines also provide international flights. Air Affaires Gabon handles scheduled domestic service. In 2001, 373,900 passengers were carried on scheduled domestic and international airline flights.


53 (2007)

Airports - with paved runways
total: 10
over 3,047 m: 1
2,438 to 3,047 m: 1
1,524 to 2,437 m: 7
914 to 1,523 m: 1 (2007)

Airports - with unpaved runways
total: 43
1,524 to 2,437 m: 7
914 to 1,523 m: 13
under 914 m: 23 (2007)

gas 384 km; oil 1,427 km (2007)

total: 814 km
standard gauge: 814 km 1.435-m gauge (2006)

total: 9,170 km
paved: 937 km
unpaved: 8,233 km (2004)

1,600 km (310 km on Ogooue River) (2007)

Merchant marine
registered in other countries: 2 (Cambodia 1, Panama 1) (2008)

Ports and terminals
Gamba, Libreville, Lucinda, Port-Gentil





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